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历史出现总统的书信 | 12月SAT考情回顾-附写作原文
发布时间: 2016-12-04 10:23

12月考试尘埃落定,对于很多同学来说,都是和SAT分手的最后一次考试。让我们看看这一次关键的考试CB又出了哪些新花样!



阅读




第一篇文学:


有两个主人公,开篇第一句话就是丈夫要拯救妻子。讲述了女主角家庭,女主的爸爸妈妈住在一个特别有钱的街区。邻居就觉得他们很有钱,妻子父母死后,把这套房子留给了妻子。后来妻子和丈夫去了意大利,女主后来看法改变了,她觉得之前的community很boring,但是丈夫觉得意大利的社区很狭隘,讲述了一个文化冲突。


第二篇历史

John Adams

John Adams写给妻子的两封信,一封信说美国大革命结束没多久之后,再制定独立宣言的时候,John Adams说美国必然要和英国分开,但是他认为不确定,既有hope又有danger。


P1原文:

When I look back to the Year 1761, and recollect the Argument concerning Writs of Assistance, in the Superiour Court, which I have hitherto considered as the Commencement of the Controversy, between Great Britain and America, and run through the whole Period from that Time to this, and recollect the series of political Events, the Chain of Causes and Effects, I am surprized at the Suddenness, as well as Greatness of this Revolution. Britain has been fill'd with Folly, and America with Wisdom, at least this is my judgment. -- Time must determine. It is the Will of Heaven, that the two Countries should be sundered forever. It may be the Will of Heaven that America shall suffer Calamities still more wasting and Distresses yet more dreadfull. If this is to be the Case, it will have this good Effect, at least: it will inspire Us with many Virtues, which We have not, and correct many Errors, Follies, and Vices, which threaten to disturb, dishonour, and destroy Us. -- The Furnace of Affliction produces Refinement, in States as well as Individuals. And the new Governments we are assuming, in every Part, will require a Purification from our Vices, and an Augmentation of our Virtues or they will be no Blessings. The People will have unbounded Power. And the People are extreamly addicted to Corruption and Venality, as well as the Great. [The letterbook copy of this letter includes the following sentence:] [ I am not without Apprehensions from this Quarter.]-- But I must submit all my Hopes and Fears, to an overruling Providence, in which, unfashionable [ as] the Faith may be, I firmly believe.


第二篇说的是,经过数个月之后,发现拟定独立宣言的还是一件好事,没有更多的时间来反思,最后发现好事多于坏事。这个双篇历史属于立场相同,没有太多不同点。


P2原文:

Had a Declaration of Independency been made seven Months ago, it would have been attended with many great and glorious Effects . . . . We might before this Hour, have formed Alliances with foreign States. -- We should have mastered Quebec and been in Possession of Canada ....


But on the other Hand, the Delay of this Declaration to this Time, has many great Advantages attending it. -- The Hopes of Reconciliation, which were fondly entertained by Multitudes of honest and well meaning tho weak and mistaken People, have been gradually and at last totally extinguished. -- Time has been given for the whole People, maturely to consider the great Question of Independence and to ripen their judgments, dissipate their Fears, and allure their Hopes, by discussing it in News Papers and Pamphletts, by debating it, in Assemblies, Conventions, Committees of Safety and Inspection, in Town and County Meetings, as well as in private Conversations, so that the whole People in every Colony of the 13, have now adopted it, as their own Act. -- This will cement the Union, and avoid those Heats and perhaps Convulsions which might have been occasioned, by such a Declaration Six Months ago.


But the Day is past. The Second Day of July 1776, will be the most memorable Epocha, in the History of America.


第三篇科学


讲的是蚂蚁的swarm intellegence, 两个实验。


第一个实验:在碰到简单的选择上,也就是nest区别极大,蚂蚁在一个群组更胜出,因为它们采用的是方法是 individual 蚂蚁选出好的,告诉第二个ant,同意了就来第三个ant,以此类推的 dandem-run模式(这里有一道题)。


第二个实验:第二个实验 researches 调节了灯光,让nest的暗度变得异常接近,结果 group ant 就出现了很大的问题。因为它们采用的方式是投票机制,之前的那个 dandem-run。导致group更容易出现问题。Individual ant之所以更好,是因为它们有更多的option比较两个nest 孰优孰劣一下便知。


第四篇社科


讲了什么人更能发现谎言。第一种人是skeptical的人,第二种理论说的是,相信别人的人更能发现谎言,因为他们能够目睹到更多的东西,比如目睹到欺骗,所以识别谎言的能力能够得到发展。


第五篇科学


讲了科学实验。测量澳大利亚深海的一种sediment,看是否含有某种物质,可以trap oxygen。最初的实验是oxygen出现的很早,后来发现方法有错误。后来更加关注某些矿物质,发现oxygen的出现比预想的要晚很久。



语法



P1 Geographical Information System

大意主要讲了GIS系统的好处,能够帮助城市更合理的种树等等。


P2 Pets

大意讲解了Pets对会不会引起孩子们的过敏。


P3 Lost in Translation

大致是说美国人不读翻译的作品,就只看英文作品。后面具体解释了读翻译作品的好处。比如empathy。


P4 Dalylight Saving Time

作者批评了夏令时,认为夏令时对员工不好,比如会fatigue等等。政府应该取消掉。



数学



数学部分同学们普遍反应比OG和5,6月的题目要难,主要出现了一些偏难的题型。比如出现了多项式的除法,以及最后Section 4的压轴题,出现了Group Question。给了一定的人数,有一些职业选择,但是职业选择有重合,最后问的女性多少人选择了Education。




写作



写作这篇文章Linda Moore讲述了美国几十年以来一直忽视对于多语言的教育,指出当今美国社会学习除英语外语言的匮乏。作者开始以两处数据的对比指出这种现象的严重性。随即用更多的数据指出了外语匮乏的种种弊端。全篇文章难度中等,和OG sample passage foreign correspondent 文章结构语言和内容相似。如果好好复习过这篇文章的同学应该会觉得这篇文章很熟悉。写作手法包括引用数据,对比,列事实,用词( diction) 调动读者情感和完整的逻辑来论证。整体难度和6月10月文章相似。比11月稍微简单。


写作原文:


We Americans must confront a stark disadvantage we face when it comes to the global economy. Some eight in 10 Americans speak only English, and the number of schools teaching a foreign language is in decline, according to a new study by the Council on Foreign Relations. But the opposite is true among our economic competitors.

While some 200 million Chinese students are learning English, only 24,000 Americans are studying Chinese, U.S. Department of Education statistics say. Foreign language degrees account for only 1 percent of all U.S. undergraduate degrees. And fewer than 2 percent of U.S. undergraduates study abroad in a given year, the Education Department says.

Our nation is largely monolingual but is entering an increasingly multilingual world. More than half of European Union citizens speak a language other than their mother tongue, and more than a quarter speak at least three languages. This is because additional languages are studied in European primary and secondary schools, and are taken up by European college students in much larger numbers than in the United States.

The Council on Foreign Relations-sponsored task force report, headed by former New York City Schools Chancellor Joel Klein and former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, concluded: "Education failure puts the United States' future economic prosperity, global position, and physical safety at risk." It warned that the country "will not be able to keep pace — much less lead — globally unless it moves to fix the problems it has allowed to fester for too long."

For decades, our children were deprived of bilingual or multilingual education out of a mistaken belief that it took time away from other subjects, hindering students' academic development. But recent research has shown that learning another language is a wise investment, rather than a waste. Research from the University of Georgia found that bilingual school children perform better on standardized tests including the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) than their monolingual peers. A George Mason University study discovered that younger students who had enrolled in a second language immersion program outperformed those who did not in coursework, as well as on standardized tests, throughout their scholastic careers.

Educators now conclude that learning additional languages improves one's ability to focus, plan and solve problems. Among other benefits, this means that such students are better able to move efficiently from one subject to another. The D.C.-based Center for Applied Linguistics has ascertained that the earlier we learn a foreign language, the greater the benefits. Moreover, these benefits can last a lifetime. Learning another language can help people stave off the effects of aging, including preventing the onset of dementia and other age-related conditions like Alzheimer's, according to research done by University of California neuroscientists.

I believe that teaching students foreign languages in pre-kindergarten to sixth-grade classes is a worthwhile investment. Our school educates 350 students in Northeast Washington, D.C., to think, speak, read, write and learn in two languages, either English and French, or English and Spanish.

Exposure to a new language and the skills it helps develop is a key reason that our school, where 80 percent of our students come from low-income households, was ranked as high performing by D.C.'s Public Charter School Board in December. The ranking system was based on several factors, including test scores, attendance and re-enrollment rates.

The benefits of learning a new language go beyond the classroom. When students graduate, being fluent in a second language improves their career prospects. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that a number of emerging occupations need workers who can speak and write in more than one language. A University of Florida study revealed that in large, linguistically diverse cities such as Miami and San Antonio, the ability to speak a second language translates into more than $7,000 of increased annual income. We want our students to have access to these opportunities and more.

The economic importance of being bilingual is highlighted by the fact that 31 percent of company executives can speak at least two languages, according to international executive search firm Korn/Ferry.

Using multilingualism, we are expanding the scope of children's learning at a time when public policy limits school accountability to math and reading. Most policymakers want their children to have global skill sets but do not encourage this in our public schools.

Other countries have learned this lesson and have made the necessary commitments to teach their students additional languages. Their students' exposure to additional languages is paying dividends. I would like to see the U.S. Department of Education encourage local education authorities to invest in bilingual and multilingual education. Given the global competition for good jobs, this is not a luxury, but a necessity. It will help our children, and our nation, to succeed in the economy of tomorrow.





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